Compiled by Robyn © December 2004
The word dinosaur means
‘terrible lizard’. A very long time ago, prehistoric reptiles called dinosaurs roamed the earth. We know they were here because we found their
bones (fossils) in the earth. When the
bones were put together (like a puzzle), men were given lots of clues as to
what the dinosaurs looked like.
Scientists have tests they do to see how old the bones are and they are
estimated to be over 65 million years old.
Why dinosaurs became extinct is not fully known. Although there are no dinosaurs left today,
birds are relatives of the dinosaurs and have almost exactly the same shape
For everything you ever wanted to know about dinosaurs check out ZoomDinosaurs.com
from Enchanted Learning…
A Palaeontologist is a scientist who studies
palaeontology - learning about the forms of life that existed in former
geologic periods, mainly by studying fossils.
A Fossil is the remains of ancient
animals and plants, the traces or impressions of living things from past
geologic ages usually found in sedimentary rock layers.
the process in which groups of organisms (species) die out.
This fun-packed new collection brings together the
very best dinosaur stories from some of today's top children's writers. With
scary dinosaurs, friendly dinosaurs, baby dinosaurs and even inflatable
dinosaurs, there's a story here to grab the imagination of every child.
all started at breakfast with a new timer that Tom’s mom tells him not to
touch…he can’t resist and presses the button and is then taken back in time on
a prehistoric adventure to the time of dinosaurs. He carries an egg home with him and the adventure continues…a
story full of action and fun with beautiful watercolours.
Land Before Time (Beginner Books) by Molly Goode (Ages 3-8)>>See Amazon
Reviews>> Before she dies, Little
Foot's mother tells the young dinosaur to go to the Great Valley, where food is
plentiful and he can start life anew.
The prehistoric pals journey against all odds to find
safety in the Great Valley. This book is fun and simple
to read. The rhyming style reads like
those familiar Dr. Seuss Cat in the Hat books.
Lively illustrations and a warm tale of friendship
will make this a favourite. It is based
on the first Land Before Time movie.
A colourful catalogue of
these mysterious creatures that will appeal to young and old. This is a
photographic collection of realistic models, bones, and skeletons, which show
the biggest, fastest, and fiercest dinosaurs.
Children will love spotting all the different dinosaurs - from the
fierce, meat-eating Tyrannosaurus and the long-necked, plant-eating Diplodocus
to the heavily armoured Stegosaurus.
Ride the ultimate time
machine from the beginning of the amazing world of dinosaurs to their
spectacular end! Based on fact, and
using state-of-the-art computer graphics, BBC’s 6-part (3 hour) documentary series puts you
in the middle of Jurassic stampedes and T Rex battles, through 155 million
years of pre-history.
Dinosaurs come alive like
never before in this computer-animated movie.
This is the compelling story of an Iguanodon named Aladar, who is
separated from his own kind and raised by a clan of lemurs. They follow a herd of dinosaurs on a treacherous
journey heading for the safety of the nesting grounds. Disney's DINOSAUR is a breathtaking
spectacle filled with adventure, fun, and life lessons that the whole family
will love! Rated PG for general
children love this animated dinosaur series.
Join the prehistoric pals, Little Foot, Cera, Spike, Ducky and Petrie
for exciting adventures in these heart-warming tales. The colourful, song-filled stories will charm children with its
hopeful, upbeat theme of sharing and caring, set against the lush backdrop of a
fantastic primeval world.
Barney Videos (Ages 2
– 4)>>See Amazon
Barney has become the world’s
most loved dinosaur. The
stories are a blending of education and entertainment for preschool
watched many of the Barney videos myself, the ones I would recommend buying are
~ Sing and Dance with
>> Barney – Imagination Island >> Barney's Great Adventure: The
Boil an egg for 8-10 minutes. Tap the hard-boiled egg on a table to make
cracks in it. Put it in a cup of water
with your choice of natural colouring
and let it sit for the morning. At
lunchtime open up the eggshell and see the interesting designs made from the
cracks and colouring. Eat and enjoy
your dinosaur egg.
Designs for easy-to-make
paper dinosaurs that you can print out and assemble. All that is needed is
scissors and glue.
Little Foot by using a toilet roll and the printable template
for making dinosaur feet using two tissue boxes.
large paper sacks onto your feet and stomp around. Carnivores
walk upright with their elbows tucked in. Herbivores move around on all
fours. Chant ~ Dinosaurs roar!
Dinosaurs roar! 1-2-3-4 Dinosaurs roar!
Tyrannosaurus Rex Catch
Use Hula Hoops or such to define water areas and let children act out the various plant-eating dinosaurs. When you call out "T. Rex" they scramble to their safe water zones inside the hoops.
A Brontosaurus hatched from
an egg about 25cm long. Place a ‘baby’
brontosaurus toy inside a balloon and blow it up to that size. Cover the balloon completely with several
layers of paper mache. Carefully pop and remove the balloon when the paper
maché is dry and then cover the small hole.
Let dry again and paint. Make a nest in a box with
straw, wool or paper and write a story about the egg. You
can hatch your eggs to discover the baby surprise.
Paint the inside of a box
green. Turn the box on its side and
dry. Add construction paper trees and
plants and paint a background of either mountains or a volcano. Make rocks from sawdust clay. Add toy dinosaurs or print paper dinosaurs cut outs. Hang flying dinosaurs from the top with
string. Enjoy your very own prehistoric
Tyrannosaurus left huge tracks. They measured 1 meter in length. When T-rex walked, the footprints were 6
meters apart, one in front of the other.
The space between the footprints of a fast-moving T-rex would have been
12 meters. Draw and cut out a "life sized" dinosaur footprint
to give an idea of size. Draw around and cut out one of your
footprints. Compare the shape and size
of your footprint to the dinosaur footprint.
Guess how many of your feet could fit inside or measure how many of your
feet it takes in length by stepping and counting. You could also measure how many dinosaur footsteps it would take
to go to the garden or the front gate remember to measure 6 metres between.
Cut pieces of wool into 1m
lengths. Line the pieces of wool along
the floor to measure the length of dinosaurs.
For example, T-Rex was 12 meters long, so you would line up 12 pieces of
wool to see his real size. Use
Enchanted Learning’s Fact sheets to see the different measurements. See which dinosaurs would be able to fit
into different areas of your house.
Using guide pictures, make your own dinosaur by gluing boxes together in a dinosaur shape. Use egg cartons, cereal boxes, toothpaste boxes, etc. Choose a big box for the body and a long box for a neck. For a head and a tail, cut boxes at angles and glue a piece of a box over the opening. Egg carton sections are great for making spikes or horns. When the glue has dried cover the dinosaur with a layer of paste and newspaper bits to smooth over. Paint and add construction paper eyes and other features.
Dino Soap Egg
Grate any white soap bar. Mix the grated soap with a small amount of water to make a doughy
mixture. Use about 2 T of the ‘dough’
per egg. Mould the dough around a
little toy dinosaur until smooth to form a dinosaur egg. Place it on a paper plate to dry. Use during bath-time and see how long it
takes for your dinosaur to hatch from the egg.
Look at some different dinosaur teeth. Using white salt clay, make three dinosaur
teeth about 5cm long (the size of an Allosaurus tooth). Make a hole in the top of each tooth. Bake the clay. When cool, string the teeth onto a piece of wool making a knot
between each tooth. Tie the necklace
so that it can slip over the child’s head.
Bury small plastic dinosaurs in
a sandpit, the garden or a tray of sand.
After the "palaeontologists" dig them all up, make some
‘fossils’ in fossil clay (or plaster of paris if you want a quicker drying
time). To make the fossils ~ Flatten the clay on a
small paper plate. Place dinosaur
sideways on top of the clay and press down to create an impression. The fossils take 4-5 days to dry
completely. Let the dinosaurs sit in
the clay while it dries so that the imprint is clearer. When dry, you have your very own dinosaur
fossil that looks like a real rock.
Fossil Clay Recipe:
2 ½ c flour, 2 ½ c used coffee grounds, 1 ½ c salt, 1 c sand, up to 1 c
Mix coffee grounds, salt, and sand. Gradually stir in water until mixture holds together. Use as little water as possible to speed drying process. The more water you use, the longer it takes to dry.
You need pictures of
different dinosaurs or plastic dinosaurs and pictures of different foods ~
‘meat’ (smaller dinosaurs) and plants. Explain
that some dinosaurs were meat eaters and some were plant eaters. Go into as much depth as you like…different
shaped teeth etc. Mix up the pictures
or plastic toy dinosaurs and then feed each one either with the pictures of
‘meat’ or plants.
For a fun summer activity,
stand little dinosaur toys on a plastic sheet and add a shallow layer of
water. Freeze overnight. Children will love playing with the ice and
watching it melt so that they can play with the dinosaurs.
Dino Information Chart
After discussing dinosaurs in
this unit, create a dinosaur info chart by writing out dinosaur facts that you
have learned and sticking them up on the chart. It is a good way to determine what was actually absorbed about
dinosaurs. It will vary according to age from very simple ideas such as ~
some are big/small/can fly/eat meat/plants to more detailed facts.
"Mary Had A Little Lamb"
Tune ~ “Two Little Dickie Birds” Two big dinosaurs stomping in the sand,
One named Harold, the other named Sam,
Stomp away Harold,
Stomp away Sam,
get nearer back Harold,
Come back Sam.
Tune ~ “Two Little Dickie Birds”
Two big dinosaurs stomping in the sand,
Ruled the Earth, Ruled the
Dinosaurs once ruled the
Many years ago.
Stegosaurus swished its tail
Brontosaurus was very big
The Brachiosaurus lived in
Apatosaurus stomped so hard
Pterodactyl was a winged
The Trachodon had 2000 teeth
Triceratops had 3 horns
Tyrannosaurus Rex was the
Spread your arms, way out wide
>> Fly like a Pteranodon, soar and glide Bend to the floor, head down
low >> Move like Stegosaurus, long ago. Reach up tall, try to be
>> As tall as Apatosaurus eating on a tree. Use your claws, grumble and
growl >> Just like Tyrannosaurus on the prowl.
Spread your arms, way out wide
>> Fly like a Pteranodon, soar and glide
Bend to the floor, head down
low >> Move like Stegosaurus, long ago.
Reach up tall, try to be
>> As tall as Apatosaurus eating on a tree.
Use your claws, grumble and
growl >> Just like Tyrannosaurus on the prowl.
Barney Colouring In
Pages including mazes and colour by shapes
Land Before Time Colouring Pages
including two more difficult mazes
(Register as a member for free to access
over 300 more of these pages)
Land Before Time Online Games –
Matching, Colouring and Puzzle
Dinosauria ~ Some more interesting
Dinosaur Dig – Facts, Trivia and
Most museums have wonderful information and displays on dinosaurs,
fossils and pre-historic reptiles. Many
even have huge life-sized dinosaur replicas.
Some of the relevant South African Museums are listed below:
of some of the dinosaurs that roamed the prehistoric landscape, including a
life-sized reconstruction of the giant dinosaur known as Algoasaurus
are present in life-like settings in the Port Elizabeth Museum.
The first dinosaur fossil found in South Africa was the first stegosaur to have ever
been found. To commemorate this event a
five-metre long, life-sized reconstruction of the animal was made and is on
display in the Albany Museum.
Palaeontology Museum, University of the
Special features of the
Museum include a 'live' fossil preparation laboratory, where visitors can watch
a technician preparing a fossil from the collections. The museum also features two life-size animated reconstructions
Natural Science Museum
Durban - Smith Street, Durban
A museum focusing on the earth
and life on earth, with a life size dinosaur and other interesting animals.
If you are lucky enough to be in Mpumalanga, South Africa you need to
visit the Sudwala Dinosaur Park
The Sudwala Dinosaur Park is set in a lush,
sub-tropical garden. 35 km west of Nelspruit.
Life sized scientifically accurate models of pre-historic animals are on
display. Their web site is also full of
interesting dinosaur facts.
Where would you like to go now?
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Thank You BillyBear4Kids for the dinosaur graphics.