Grade Two SA Syllabus Made Simple

Compiled by Robyn, South Africa ~ © January 2008


This is a very basic Grade 2 South African syllabus outline that I put together for my own use. I found the online one wordy and confusing.  Please note that this is my own guide and is by no means an official syllabus! I have marked the major upgrades from Grade 1 to Grade 2 in pink, again for my own use.


For the full South African Grade 2 Revised National Curriculum Statement Guide, visit -





Numbers and Relationships


-Counts forwards and backwards in ones, twos, fives and tens from any number between 0 and 200.

-Knows and reads number symbols from 1 to at least 200 and writes number names from 1 to at least 100.

-Orders, describes and compares whole numbers to at least 2-digit numbers and fractions including halves and quarters.

-Recognises the place value of digits in whole numbers to at least 2-digit numbers.

-Solves money problems involving totals and change in rands and cents.

-Solves & explains solutions to practical problems involving equal sharing & grouping with solutions including fractions.

-Calculations, using appropriate symbols, to solve problems in addition and subtraction with whole numbers of at least two digits.

-Calculations with appropriate symbols to solve problems of multiplication of whole 1-digit by 1-digit numbers with solutions to at least 50.

-Performs mental calculations in addition and subtraction for numbers to at least 20 and multiplication of whole numbers with solutions to at least 20.

-Uses the following techniques : doubling and halving, apparatus such as counters, number lines.


Patterns and Algebra


-Copies and extends simple patterns using physical objects and drawings (e.g. using colours and shapes).

-Copies and extends simple number sequences to at least 200.

-Identifies, describes and copies geometric patterns.




-Recognises, identifies and names two-dimensional shapes and three-dimensional objects including boxes (prisms), balls (spheres), cylinders, triangles, rectangles and circles.

-Describes and compares two-dimensional shapes and three-dimensional objects according to size; objects that roll or slide and shapes that have straight or round edges.

-Recognises symmetry in self and own environment with focus on ‘left’, ‘right’, ‘front’ and ‘back’.

-Describes and acts out one three-dimensional object in relation to another e.g. ‘in front of ’ or ‘behind’.




-Uses analogue and digital clock time in hours and minutes.

-Names in order the days of the week and the months of the year.

-Calculates elapsed time using clocks and calendars.

-Sequences events according to days, weeks, months and years.

-Identifies important religious and historical events on calendars.

-Estimates, measures, compares and orders objects using measures in mass (e.g. bricks, sand bags); capacity (e.g. spoons, cups) and length (e.g. hand spans, footsteps).


Data Handling


-Collects data according to given criteria or categories and sorts objects according to one attribute.

-Draws a picture as a record of collected objects.

-Describes own collection of objects, explains how it was sorted, and answers questions about it.







-Listens attentively for a longer period and responds to an extended sequence of instructions.

-Listens without interrupting, taking turns to speak and asking questions for clarification.

-Listens with enjoyment to short stories, rhymes, poems and songs and can listen for the topic or main idea and important details in the story; predicts what will happen; can communicate back a sequence of events; answers questions about the story and expresses feelings, giving reasons, about the story; works out cause and effect.

-Listens, enjoys and responds appropriately to riddles or jokes.

-Listens to a speaker the learner cannot see and responds to questions and instructions.

-Phonic awareness by distinguishing between different sounds at the beginning of words; recognising rhyming words and recognising plurals (‘s’ and ‘es’), ‘-ing’ and ‘-ed’ at the end of words (Grade 1)



-Talks about personal experiences and general news events.  Uses language imaginatively for fun and fantasy.  Passes on messages.
Recounts in sequence personal experiences.  Creates and tells a short story that has a beginning, middle and ending using descriptive language and avoiding repetition. Contributes to group discussions.




-Predicts from the cover of a book what the story is about, interprets the main message and identifies the purpose.

 -Makes meaning of written text - reads a story on own or with the parent and discusses the main idea, identifies the details, identifies and discusses cultural values, identifies cause-effects, draws conclusions and says whether the story was liked and why.

-Reads texts such as simple fiction and non-fiction books, simple instructions, greeting cards etc.

-Recognises and makes meaning of letters and words in longer texts - reads with increasing speed and fluency; reads aloud and uses correct pronunciation and appropriate stress; uses phonics and word recognition; uses self-correcting strategies such as re-reading, pausing, practising a word before saying it out loud.

-Develops phonic awareness - recognises vowel sounds spelled with two letters (vowel diagraphs) (e.g. ea, ee, ay, ai, ar, er, or, ir, ur, ou, oo, oi); recognises single consonants spelled with two letters (consonant diagraphs) (e.g. wh, th, sh, ph, ll, ss, zz); recognises two-letter and three-letter consonant blends at the beginnings and ends of words (e.g. bl, str, lp, nds); recognises the first sounds (onset) and last syllable (rime) in more complex patterns (e.g. dr-eam, cr-eam, str-eam, scr-eam); recognises more complex word families (e.g. dream, cream, stream, scream); recognises known rhymes (e.g. fly, sky, dry); recognises some more complex suffixes (e.g. zz+es, -ies, -ly); recognises an increasing number of high-frequency sight words.

-Reads picture books and simple stories.

-Starts to use dictionary to check spelling and meanings of words.

-Reads a variety of texts for enjoyment such as magazines, comics, non-fiction books.




- Uses prewriting skills and chooses a topic to write about that is personally significant.

-Writes for different purposes: compiles lists; writes letters, recipes, simple stories, poems and writes a title that reflects content.

-Writes and reads own draft to others, and tries to edit own writing and make revisions.

-Shares own writing by reading aloud, displaying or making own books.

-Builds vocabulary and starts to spell words correctly; attempts to spell unfamiliar words using knowledge of phonics; uses dictionary to check on spellings and meanings of words.

- Writes so that others can understand: shows different kinds of sentence and text structures; uses basic punctuation (capital letters and full stops) and experiments with other punctuation marks such as exclamation and/or question marks; uses some narrative devices (e.g. once upon a time, the end); applies knowledge of grammar;

-Writes with increasing legibility and greater ease and speed; forms letters clearly.


Thinking and Reasoning


-Uses language to develop concepts, think and reason, identify and compare things.

-Uses language to investigate and explore, ask questions, offer solutions, record information.

-Processes information and organises information in simple graphical forms such as a chart, timetable, etc.


Language Structure and Use


-Words: spells familiar words correctly; uses a dictionary to confirm spelling; uses phonics to spell unfamiliar words; identifies some synonyms and antonyms

-Sentences: joins two clauses with a conjunction (‘and’ or ‘but’) to form a co-ordinate sentence; uses negative forms correctly (will not, cannot etc.); uses simple past, present and future tenses correctly; uses a variety of sentence types (questions, statements, exclamations); uses punctuation correctly (question mark, comma to separate items in a list, capital letters for proper names - e.g. ‘Gauteng’).

-Texts: links sentences to form paragraphs; sequences text by using words like ‘first’, ‘next’, ‘finally’; uses meta-language (terms such as noun, adjective, pronoun, verb, adverb, preposition, comma, question mark, paragraph).




As far as I understand, a second language is not compulsory until Grade 3 unless you want to start earlier.





The other subjects for Grade 1 such as Arts, Economics, Life Orientation, Technology, Natural Science, History and Geography are pretty much part of a homeschoolers everyday life. I found them obvious, but if you’d like to make sure, you can find all the details on the link provided at the top of this page.





Grade 2 ALL-IN-ONE Integrated Learning Programmes package (available in English and Afrikaans from or CNA countrywide)

Consists of Teacher’s Guide, Resource Book, Literacy, Numeracy and Life Skills Workbooks


Little Footprints in Our Land is an excellent literature based curriculum for ages 4-8.


Online Reading Programmes-


Free Maths Curriculums-









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